Doing the income statement of a zootechnical breeding farm is always extremely difficult. It is even more difficult with snail breeding where the bred animal is uncontrollable and the acquired experience still limited (considering the short history of the sector). The results are not and cannot be uniform and standardized; they differ from area to area - despite management techniques and alimentary methodologies used in the breeding farms being the same. The climate and the general conditions of the place of installation coincide with the result. All the calculations have to be made based on a prudential approach and the data has to be considered as representing a general orientation - therefore as being susceptible to modifications based on the different systems and climatic condition of the areaa. In the first year of activity any kind of profit is unrealistic as the newborn snails have not reached commercial maturity yet. In warm areas breeders who have introduced reproducers in early spring can sell to the gastronomic market the subjects that have laid eggs several times (2 or 3). In fact, in the breeding farm, snails suitable for being inserted into the new reproduction enclosures for the following season can already be found. By the second year of production the first harvesting of the snails born the previous year can begin. The production will be ready in June-July in southern breeding farms and in September-October in northern farms. Only approximately 60-70% will reach their final weight in Spring of the third year.
Obviously, in order to achieve this result, all the parameters for an adequate management and alimentation must have been respected.
ATTENTION! It must be taken into account that by the end of Summer (in any case by the month of October) all the reproducers must be picked, cleaned and sold. If left in the breeding farm they risk death as at this point they have reached a critical age and have been utilized for intensive reproduction for an entire season. In Helix Aspersa breeding farms finding reproducers for the following year is no longer a problem since the subjects of this species who are born in the Summer of any given year are sexually mature the following season. The new reproducers are then chosen by the breeder from the subjects that were transferred to the fattening enclosures in April. This will occur every year for future cycles
The diagram shown is indicative, useful for understanding the relationship between the available surface area, the number of enclosures that can be built and the relative production that can be achieved. The table shows, in a simplified way, the possible return on investment (ROI) in the first five years of operation. The percentages of product sales, retail (9.00 €/kg) and wholesale (5.00 €/kg - year 2019), are derived from averages defined on the basis of the observation of existing farms but largely variable according to the choices of the individual farmer.
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