Full Natural Cycle Breeding System

This method consists of introducing snails destined to mate and procreate into specific enclosures (reproduction area). The product on sale is therefore actually not represented by the inserted snails, as occurs in incomplete systems, but by those who are born by the brood snails and grow thanks to the fattening stage. Enclosures, with their relative implications, are the key structures to ensure a successful outcome. Enclosures prevent the mollusks from escaping, protect the breeding farm from predators, divide the different stages in the snails’ life cycle (birth and fattening) and they enable the mollusks, which are disturbed by soil acidity and impeded in their growth by the carbon dioxide exhaling from the soil itself, to breathe correctly. The perimetral fence isolates the plot of land destined for snail breeding and impedes entry of the numerous and various predators of the mollusks.             

The above-ground height of this structure is normally not lower than 60/70 cm and at least 30/40 cm underground in order to prevent rodents (moles and mice) from entering. Furthermore, the material has to be smooth in order to prevent natural enemies such as Staphylinid and Beet carrion beetles (which have sclerified wings and cannot fly) from climbing and entering the enclosure, as well need to be resistant to adverse climatic conditions for many years. Additionally, after much trial and research, and mostly based on practical experience, it is now regarded as a matter of fact that a breeding farm has to be divided into different areas. These areas are named enclosures: they are weeded passages spaced 1-1.5 meters wide which in turn, become indispensable service areas where all the necessary technical operations are carried out.

In fact the breeder, by walking and working on these areas, does not step on the mollusks, is facilitated in the action of picking and can easily oversee the various situations. Over the past few years, the shape of the enclosures has been unified with regards to the different areas of reproduction and finishing; generally all the areas are no longer than 45 meters and 3 to 4 meters wide.   

The enclouser shape has been unified for the breeding and fattening sectors, 45 meters long and 3.5 meters large. These dimensions prevent the mollusks from dangerously clumping along the nets, enable easy cutting of the vegetation inside the enclosures themselves, and facilitate the administration of food. In Italy over 90% of enclosure and abroad 100% of enclosures are made with Helix net. It is a product manufactured in Italy and is made of 100% black Polyethylene. It was created specifically to prevent snails from exiting, to facilitate their climbing, and to protect them from predatory birds - thanks to its two flounces. The net is 100 cm high, has two flounces measuring 40 and 75 cm, and is fixed at 45° above ground to impede escape. The net is supported by lightweight wooden or PVC stakes. Iron or concrete paling however, are to be excluded considering these are materials can reflect heat to the mollusks.